Scope and Content
Organization and Arrangement
Items Removed from Collection
Title: Graduate School of Library and Information Science Horn Printing Chappel Files
Date (inclusive): 1960-1993
Record Series number: 704
Creator: University of California, Los Angeles.
12 boxes (6 linear ft.)
University of California, Los Angeles. Library.
Department of Special Collections. University Archives.
Los Angeles, California 90095-1575
Physical location: Stored off-site at SRLF. Advance notice is required for access to the collection. Please contact the UCLA Library, Department
of Special Collections, University Archives Reference Desk for paging information.
Abstract: The Horn Printing Chappel Files, Record Series 704, are mainly comprised of the records of Andrew Horn's printing press work
conducted at the University of California, Los Angeles, where Horn first served, beginning in the 1950's, in a variety of
high-ranking roles such as the head of Special Collections Department, University Archivist, and co-founder of the School
of Library Service. Horn's interest in the art of printing led to the development of a course and club on the subject and
UCLA acquiring printing presses. The records of Horn's administration of the press represent only one aspect of his contribution
to UCLA. As Horn's colleague, records of Diana Thomas's professional pursuits can also be found in this series.
UCLA's library and information sciences program has its roots in the great expansion of the university in the 1930's and 1940's.
In 1930, Everett Perry, Los Angeles' public librarian, realized that LAPL could no longer effectively run a library training
academy, and suggested to UC President Robert G. Sproul that the University assume control of it and transfer it to UCLA.
Regent Edward Dickson became enthusiastic about the proposal, however President Sproul consistently refused to allow more
than one library school in the UC system. (Later, Lawrence Powell surmised that Sproul's interest was in protecting the Berkeley
school.) A 1934 attempt by Perry to affiliate with UCLA again met with official disinterest, and LAPL's library school eventually
affiliated with USC in 1936. Berkeley did begin offering librarianship coursework at UCLA during summer sessions in 1935,
but this practice ended during World War II and never resumed. (An ALA report in 1937 proposed that if another library school
were to open in California, UCLA would be a prime candidate, with excellent facilities and a good library.)
Powell was appointed UCLA University Librarian in 1944. Regent Dickson never ceased in his desire to have UCLA open its own
library school. By 1948, UCLA had established a prelibrarianship program, similar to other preprofessional programs (this
program was discontinued with the establishment of the SLS in 1960). When Berkeley's and USC's programs became impacted around
1950, the Regents approved a study of whether a third library school in California was feasible. The study, by Robert D.
Leigh, concluded that even with the demand, California could not legitimately justify having three library schools in the
Dickson and Powell were not to be dissuaded. In 1955, Powell began meeting quietly with his staff in evening "Library Education
Seminars" in order to begin the basic planning of a library school curriculum. Local librarians as well as the librarians
throughout the rest of the UC system gave their support. (Even the Berkeley library school's dean was supportive of the idea.)
When President Sproul retired in 1955, the climate changed. The Board of Regents entertained a proposal to establish a library
school at UCLA in 1956-57, and finally approved the establishment of a graduate school of library service in December 1958.
After a year of planning and recruiting faculty, UCLA's School of Library Service admitted its first fifty students in 1960.
Powell resigned as University Librarian and assumed the deanship of the SLS. The school's program was simple at first: a
two-semester course with a summer session. The course met with the approval of the American Library Association, which granted
accreditation in 1962. The school began offering a Master of Science in Information Science at the proposal of Vice Chairman
Andrew Horn in 1965. This documentation program later was integrated into the main MLS program (1972.) When UCLA went to
the quarter system in 1966, the program was altered to four quarters. (Advanced mathematics was also required for the MSIS
program.) Also in 1966, Dean Powell retired, replaced by Andrew Horn.
Along with the beginning of the SLS rose an interest in the art of printing, a favorite hobby of Professor Horn. Professor
Horn assisted in the acquisition of printing presses for the University, which were established in the SLS department in the
basement of the Library. An Albion Press was acquired in 1961, later to be accompanied by a Reliance (Washington) Press in
1965. This was the first bibliographic press acquired by a library school in the United States.
Printing became an interest of the students as well, and a class was instituted by Professor Horn. A printing chappel, or
society, was formed by students and Horn in 1964, in cooperation with the Library, the SLS and the Department of English.
The Chappel (renamed in honor of Professor Horn upon his 1978 retirement) continued with its printing activities as UCLA acquired
more printing presses: a Columbian on loan in 1976 and the Har-Ma in 1981.
In 1968, year-long post-MLS programs of study leading to certificates were offered. The MLS program was restructured in 1972,
including documentation in the program of study for the MLS and eliminating the MSIS degree. The course offerings continued
to expand, especially with the offering of a PhD program in library science beginning in 1977. The department also began
to offer cooperative master degrees with other departments: history (MA/MLS), Latin American Studies (MA/MLS) and management
(MBA/MLS) in 1980. Computer programming was also added as an entrance requirement during the period, as were statistics.
Dean Horn retired in 1978, but continued to teach until his death in 1983. Robert Hayes (1978-89) and Beverly Lynch (1989-94)
succeeded Horn in the dean's chair until the disestablishment of the school in 1994.
As the 1980's progressed, the age of the original buildings at UCLA (including Powell Library, home of GSLIS) became apparent
and seismic retrofitting would become necessary in order to preserve the building. This became a priority after the 1989
Loma Prieta earthquake. The Regents approved plans to renovate buildings and retrofit them. Powell Library was scheduled
to be vacated in order to begin retrofitting in 1992. The GSLIS moved into a new building next to the Research Library (where
it remains to this day.) However, there were not appropriate facilities for the Horn Chappel. After negotiations, the owner
of the Columbian Press, Dr Petko, removed the press to the new Center for Bibliographic Studies at UC Riverside, where it
remains. Some of the presses were placed in storage at the UCLA/Clark Library in Los Angeles, while others were placed in
the custody of Professor Diana Thomas.
In the late 1980's, the constricting economy and the changing nature of the library profession began to put a squeeze on library
school curricula. Many venerable library schools had to severely cut their course offerings. Others, including Berkeley's
and USC's, were forced to shutter their doors entirely. By 1992, the only ALA-accredited programs remaining in California
were the UCLA Graduate School of Library and Information Science (as the SLS had been renamed in 1973) and the library school
at San Jose State University. UCLA was the only one of the two to offer the PhD degree. In 1993, Chancellor Charles Young
proposed to close the GSLIS program completely. This plan met with rabid resistance from all sides, and Young decided to
merge the GSLIS with the Graduate School of Education. The current graduate school, GSEIS (Education and Information Studies)
continues to this day.
The library training programs through the GSEIS have modernized to keep up with the progress of the library field. The degree
programs were altered to award a Master of Library and Information Science degree (MLIS) in 1994. The UCLA Information Studies
program is positioned well to advance into the future and take a large role in the training of information professionals.
Scope and Content
The Horn Printing Chappel Files, Record Series 704, contain materials regarding professional printing activities at UCLA as
well as the partial papers of former dean emeritus Andrew Horn as founder of UCLA's press society and Diana Thomas as inheritor
of some of Horn's professional duties after his retirement. Records relate specifically to the press inauguration, academic
courses and special presentations, and the publications the press generated and specialized supplies it required. Photographs,
slides, and an oral cassette tape of the press's establishing are special highlights of the collection. Also included is
memorial literature of Horn at the time of his death, correspondence regarding the acquisition and transplanting of press
equipment, and letters referring to Thomas's writin· ventures. More than seventy unique booklets from the press, sample supplies,
and extensive information regarding various presses and the printing trade in general further accentuate the collection.
The records from this series span the years 1960-1993 and measure 6 linear feet (12 boxes).
Organization and Arrangement
Arranged in the following series:
- Biographical materials (Boxes 2, 5, 7).
- Correspondence (Boxes 1-5, 7-8).
- Courses (Boxes 3, 6, 9-11).
- Presses (Boxes 3-7).
- Samples of Materials (Boxes 3-8, 11).
- Publications (Boxes 4, 11-12).
- Photographs and other non-print media (Boxes 6-8, 12).
Items Removed from Collection
- Personnel Files
- Student Grades
- Tenure Files
- University of California, Los Angeles. Graduate School of Library and Information Science. Administrative subject files of
Dean, Andrew Horn,
Date (inclusive): 1941-1979.
- University of California, Los Angeles. Graduate School of Library and Information Science. Australian sabbatical of Dean,
Date (inclusive): 1970-1981.
- University of California, Los Angeles. Graduate School of Library and Information Science. Correspondence of Dean, Andrew
Date (inclusive): 1945-1983.
- University of California, Los Angeles. Graduate School of Library and Information Science. Bio-Bibliographies of Dean, Andrew
Date (inclusive): 1932-1982.
- University of California, Los Angeles. Department of Special Collections. Administrative files of the department head,
Date (inclusive): 1945-.
- University of California, Los Angeles. Graduate School of Library and Information Science. Administrative Subject Files,
Date (inclusive): 1930-1981.