Scope and Content of Collection
McElroy, William David, 1917-
Title: William D. McElroy Papers,
Date (inclusive): 1944 - 1999
10.40 linear feet
(19 archives boxes, 11 oversize folders, 6 art bin items)
Abstract: Papers of William David McElroy (1917-1999), professor of biochemistry, the fourth chancellor (1972-1980) of the University
of California, San Diego; and former director (1969-1971) of the National Science Foundation. McElroy's significant contributions
to biology include isolating and crystallizing the compounds that enable firefly luminescence and for his subsequent research
into bacterial bioluminescence. He also wrote, spoke, and worked on problems in areas of environment, pollution, food production,
science education, and international science. The papers largely document McElroy's scientific research and include correspondence
with the scientific community, various biographical materials including awards and photographs, writings and reprints related
to biochemical and scientific investigation, research materials on bioluminescene, UCSD teaching materials, and speeches given
both as chancellor and as director of the National Science Foundation. Also included are drafts of an unpublished manuscript
entitled "Fireflys in Folklore and Fantasy," written by E. Newton Harvey. The papers are arranged in seven series: 1) BIOGRAPHICAL
MATERIALS, 2) CORRESPONDENCE, 3) WRITINGS, 4) RESEARCH MATERIALS, 5) TEACHING MATERIALS, 6) SPEECHES AND LECTURES, and 7)
ORIGINALS OF PRESERVATION PHOTOCOPIES.
University of California, San Diego. Geisel Library. Mandeville Special Collections Library.
La Jolla, California 92093-0175
Collection number: MSS 0483
Language of Material:
Collection materials in English
Materials contained in Box 1, Folder 9 have been restricted by the donor.
William D. McElroy Papers, MSS 0483. Mandeville Special Collections Library, UCSD.
Publication rights are held by the creator of the collection.
William "Bill" McElroy was born in Rogers, Texas, in 1917. He received a bachelor's degree from Stanford University in 1939,
where he played football from 1938-1939. He obtained a master's degree from Reed College in Oregon in 1941 and a doctorate
from Princeton University in 1943 both in biology, but it was at Princeton where McElroy first investigated bioluminescence
under the mentorship of E. Newton Harvey. McElroy received 12 honorary degrees including those from University of Notre Dame,
Johns Hopkins University, the University of San Diego, and the University of Bologna in Italy.
McElroy served two years with U.S. Office of Scientific Research and Development after Princeton before joining the faculty
of Johns Hopkins University in 1946 and shortly after was the director of the McCollum-Pratt Institute for twenty years and
chairman of the department of biology from 1956 until 1969. His studies of bioluminescence by elucidating the mechanisms
of living organisms into producing light were his most significant contributions to biochemical research at Johns Hopkins.
His position at the Institute enabled him to build a solid foundation of teachers and researchers, and to achieve worldwide
recognition in the scientific field.
His concern for an enlightened public understanding of science was also exemplified later when he was appointed the director
of the National Science Foundation in 1969.
While at the NSF, McElroy worked to achieve more federal support for scientific research, while responding to societal needs.
He also worked to cultivate the collaborative efforts between academic and industrial research initiatives.
In 1972, McElroy resigned as NSF Director to become chancellor at UCSD.
Although his research and training were scientifically based, McElroy encouraged expansion of the arts, humanitites and social
sciences at UCSD. He established the Board of Overseers, a group of San Diego advisors, and greatly increased the University's
outreach to the San Diego community. He also enhanced UCSD's research budget, oversaw the construction of the Gildred Cancer
Center and Mandeville Auditorium, and guided the establishment of Earl Warren College. From 1975-1976, McElroy served as
president of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, succeeding anthropologist Margaret Mead. He also served
as a consultant to the Atomic Energy Commission and as a member of the National Academy of Sciences and the American Academy
of Arts and Sciences.
McElroy resigned as chancellor in 1980 to return to research, writing, and teaching biology. For the next seven years, McElroy
along with his wife, biochemist Marlene DeLuca, continued research on bioluminescence by identifying the enyzme luciferase
in fireflies. The subsequent research resulted in 200 original scientific articles and numerous books and the creation of
luminescent bacteria using gene research. Marlene DeLuca passed away in 1987.
Even today, McElroy's and DeLuca's research has led to new medical diagnostics and supplemented AIDS research. His leadership
at UCSD also led the university through a critical time of growth and expansion. William McElroy died on February 17, 1999.
Scope and Content of Collection
Papers of William D. McElroy, biochemist, UCSD chancellor (1972-1980) and director (1969-1971) of the National Science Foundation,
largely document McElroy's scientific research on bioluminescence. Materials include laboratory data notebooks, bioluminescence
research materials, correspondence, and scientific writings. Biographical materials include newspaper clippings, photographs
and scrapbooks, especially documenting his trip to China in 1979. The papers contain McElroy's speeches and lectures delivered
as director of the National Science Foundation and as chancellor of UCSD, as well as teaching materials from John Hopkins
University and UCSD. The papers are arranged in seven series: 1) BIOGRAPHICAL MATERIALS, 2) CORRESPONDENCE, 3) WRITINGS,
4) RESEARCH MATERIALS, 5) TEACHING MATERIALS, 6) SPEECHES AND LECTURES, and 7) ORIGINALS OF PRESERVATION PHOTOCOPIES.
SERIES 1: BIOGRAPHICAL MATERIALS
The BIOGRAPHICAL MATERIALS series, arranged in three subseries, consists mainly of memorabilia materials. The subseries are:
A) General, B) Certificates and Awards, and C) Letters of Congratulation.
A) The General subseries, arranged alphabetically, includes biographical material ranging from McElroy's early years at Johns
Hopkins to his post-UCSD emeritus years. Materials include curriculum vitae, newspaper clippings, photographs, and memorabilia
B) Materials in the Certificates and Awards subseries include fellow, alumnus, and distinguished membership recognitions from
1959-1990. The items are in alphabetical order.
C) The majority of the correspondence in the Letters of Congratulation subseries, arranged alphabetically, is related to
McElroy's appointment as director of the National Science Foundation in 1969.
SERIES 2: CORRESPONDENCE
The CORRESPONDENCE series is arranged in two subseries: A) Alphabetical and B) Chronological.
A) The Alphabetical subseries includes correspondence between McElroy and other scientists, colleagues, UCSD staff, and various
persons in the scientific community. Also included are the board of director meeting minutes from the Charles Lee Powell
Foundation and the UCSD Cancer Center.
B) The Chronological subseries contains McElroy's outgoing correspondence for the years 1975-1989.
SERIES 3: WRITINGS
The WRITINGS series includes three subseries: A) Numbered Reprints, B) Unnumbered Writings, and C) Reports.
A) The Numbered Reprints subseries includes reprints on McElroy's publication list located at the beginning of the subseries.
A large majority of the reprints are not included. The Reprints have been arranged chronologically by their publication dates.
B) The Unnumbered Writings subseries, arranged alphabetically by title, gathers manuscripts and typescripts of works by McElroy
not listed on his publications list.
C) The Reports included in the third subseries are documents McElroy produced while working with the National Institute of
Health, the National Science Foundation, and Johns Hopkins University Long Range Planning Committee.
SERIES 4: RESEARCH MATERIALS
The RESEARCH MATERIALS series is arranged in three subseries: A) Laboratory Notebooks, B) Bioluminescence - Miscellaneous
Materials, and C) E. Newton Harvey Manuscript Materials.
A) The Laboratory Notebooks subseries consists of early laboratory log books related to bioluminescence research and experiments
done between 1952-1962 at Johns Hopkins University. The notebooks are arranged chronologically and represent the work of
several research assistants.
B) The Bioluminescence subseries contains extensive visual material including photographs, films, and newspaper articles.
The materials are arranged alphabetically by subject.
C) The E. Newton Harvey Manuscript Materials subseries contains the manuscript and research materials that Dr. Harvey wrote
for his unpublished book entitled "Fireflies in Folklore and Fantasy". The subseries contains correspondence, typescript
drafts, illustrations, notes, and other research sent to McElroy after Harvey's death in 1959.
SERIES 5: TEACHING MATERIALS
The TEACHING MATERIALS series contains two subseries: A) Johns Hopkins University and B) University of California, San Diego.
A) The materials contained in the Johns Hopkins University subseries consist of lecture notes, syllabi, and exams from biochemistry
courses McElroy taught from 1952-1965.
B) The University of California, San Diego, subseries comprises correspondence, handouts, lecture notes, and exams for Marine
Biochemistry 185 from 1981-1986 after McElroy resigned as chancellor.
SERIES 6: SPEECHES AND LECTURES
The SPEECHES AND LECTURES series includes chronological indexes at the beginning of every section and is arranged chronologically
in two subseries: A) National Science Foundation and B) University of California, San Diego.
A) The National Science Foundation subseries contains statements that McElroy issued as NSF Director (1969-1971) before several
United States government subcommittees and departments. Also included are various remarks McElroy gave at meetings, commencements,
and as a lecturer.
B) The materials in the University of California, San Diego subseries are copies of remarks, speeches, lectures, and addresses
McElroy gave as UCSD Chancellor between 1972-1980. Also included is a folder containing remarks McElroy gave as a biology
professor after returning to research.
SERIES 7: ORIGINALS OF PRESERVATION PHOTOCOPIES
The ORIGINALS OF PRESERVATION PHOTOCOPIES series contains the originals of brittle or high acid content documents that have
The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.
McElroy, William David, 1917- -- Archives
Harvey, E. Newton -- (Edmund Newton), 1887-1959
University of California, San Diego -- History -- Archives
National Science Foundation
Biologists -- Biography
Biology -- Study and teaching