'Abd al-Karīm Surūsh was born Hassan Haj-Faraj Dabbagh in Tehran, Iran, in 1945. He graduated from the University of Tehran
in 1969 with a degree in pharmacology. Soon after the 1979 Islamic Revolution, he was appointed to the Cultural Revolution
Council by Ayatollah Khomeini. He resigned from this position in 1983. Until 1996, Dr. Surūsh was a professor of philosophy
at Tehran University. His writings and lectures have focused on different aspects of culture and religion, including the
role of religion in government, Rumi poetry, and freedom and democracy in Islam. 'Abd al-Karīm Surūsh is regarded as one of
post-revolutionary Iran's most eminent religious intellectuals. He has also been a visiting professor at a number of universities,
including Columbia, Yale, Princeton, and Stanford.